Khirokitia is one of the most significant place in region of Europe and North America, the modern village is to be found on the slope of a hill in the vale of the River Maroni towards the southern coastline in the island of Cyprus. Khirokitia is an archaeological spot in Cyprus from the Neolithic period and a closed village disconnected from the exterior world by a strong barrier of stones at its uppermost preserved level which is one of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. Entrance into the village was possibly via some entry positions through the wall. The site is identified as one of the most significant and best preserved prehistoric locations of the eastern Mediterranean.
Much of its significance lies in the proof of an organized functional civilization in the form of a collective settlement, with neighboring fortifications for public protection. The buildings inside this barrier consist of encircling structures crowded together. The subordinate parts of these buildings are frequently of granite and gigantic proportions by constant added extras of further coverings of stones. This is the first recognized culture in Cyprus, consisted of a well-organized, urbanized society generally engaged in agricultural, hunting and flocking. Agricultural was for the most part of cereal crops. They also picked the fruit growing naturally in the adjacent area such as pistachio nuts, olives, figs and prunes. The deer, goats, sheep and pigs are the four most important species of animals on the site living in the natural hilly surroundings.