The Loire Valley is placed in central France in the midpoint stretch of the Loire River straddling 280 km. and comprising an area of about 800 sq km. The Valley referred to as the cradle of the French speech as well as the garden of France because of the profusion of vineyards, artichoke, fruit orchards, asparagus and cherry fields which line up the banks of the river. Noteworthy for its momentous cities as well as structural design, the vale has been populated as the middle Palaeolithic era and it an outstanding cultural landscape of impressive beauty comprising the historic towns and villages. For which the central fraction of the Loire river valley was added as world heritage site of UNESCO In 2000 by choosing this region which comprises the French departments of Loiret, Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher and Maine-et-Loire.
The valley also comprises the historic cities such as Angers, Amboise, Blois, Nantes, Chinon, Saumur, Orléans and Tours. The weather is gentle about all the year round, the river frequently acting since a line of differentiation in France’s climate among the north climate and the south. The river has an important consequence on the mesoclimate of the area adding some temperature. The architectural heritage in the vale’s momentous city is distinguished particularly for its châteaux such as the Château d’Amboise, Château de Chinon, Château de Chambord, Château du Rivau, Château de Villandry, Château d’Ussé and Chenonceau. The châteaux number over 300 which representing a nation of builders opening with the essential citadel fortifications in 10th century to the magnificence of those constructed half a millennium later. While the French kings started constructing their gigantic châteaux here, the nobleness, not wanting or even courageous to be distant from the seat of authority following suit. Their attendance in the luxuriant, fertile vale started attracting the best landscape architects. Additionally to its numerous châteaux, the cultural monuments exemplify to an outstanding degree the ideology of the Renaissance and the age of the illumination on west European thinking and design.