The Curonian Spit is a 98km long, skinny, coiled sand-dune sputter that separating the Curonian lake from the Baltic Sea coastline. Its south portion is in Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia and northern portion in south-west Lithuania which is the world heritage site of UNESCO joint by the 2 countries. The Curonian sputter stretching from the Sambian cape on the southern to its northern tilt beside a narrow channel, across which is the port city of Klaipeda on the mainland of Lithuania. The north 52km long elongate of the Curonian Spit cape belongs to Lithuania whereas the rest is the part of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia. The breadth of the sputter varies from a smallest of 400m in Russia to a greatest of 3800m in Lithuania. The survival of this narrow shoal is intrinsically endangered by the natural method that administrate coastal beach features which is depends on a active equilibrium among sand transportation and deposition. Significant being impacts on the region started in 16th century.
Awaiting the 20th century, most of the people in this region made their livelihood by fishing. From 1901-1946 the rural community of Rossitten (now Rybachy) became the location of the ground-breaking Rossitten Bird Observatory in the world’s first, founded by German ornithologist Johannes Thienemann there owing to the sputter’s significance as a bird immigration corridor. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, sightseeing flourished; a lot of Germans, mostly the descendants of the residents of the region, prefer the Curonian sputter as their public holiday destination. The Curonian sputter is house to the uppermost moving sandbanks in Europe. The biggest city on the sputter is Nida in Lithuania which is a well-liked public holiday resort, mostly frequented by Lithuanian and German tourists.