The W National Park is the most important park in West Africa around a wander of W shaped River Niger which is governed by Niger, Benin and Burkina Faso. The W National Park of Niger was formed by announcement and since 1996 has been listed as a World Heritage Site of UNESCO. Surrounded by Niger, the Park is listed as a National Park, IUCN Type-II. These contains nearby Dallol Bosso on the eastern bank of the Niger River and the fractional overlap of the smaller “Parc national du W“. The three parks are BirdLife global significant Bird Areas of types A1 and A3 (IBA codes IBA NE001, IBA BF008, and IBA BJ001). Curved River Niger which offers W National Park its unique name. In the three nations, the provincial park covers 10,000 km² largely unoccupied by humans, having been until the 1970s a Malarial region of wetlands shaped by the delta of the Mekrou River with the Niger, broken by rocky hills. Traditionally, the spot has been at one time a major area of individual habitation, moderated by the essential archaeological sites (mostly tombs) originates in the area. The park also constitute the southern border of tiger flowering shrub plateaus distribution in Niger.
The park is identified for its great mammals, including aardvarks, elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, baboons, buffalo, caracal, cheetahs, leopards, serval and warthogs. The park offers a home for a few of West Africa’s last wild African Elephants. Though, the uncommon West African Giraffe, today limited to small parts of the Niger, is absent from the park. The W Park is also recognized for historic happening of packs of the endangered Painted Hunting Dog, although this canid may now be extirpated from the region. The W neighborhood is also well-known for its bird populations, particularly passing migrating species, with over 350 species.