Sinharaja Forest Reserve is located close to Ratnapura between the rural communities of Deniyaya, Rakwana and Matugama in Srilanka, geographically exceptional lowland tropical forest covering an area of about 11187 hctrs. This is a national park and biodiversity hotspot of Srilanka and a international consequence voted as a Biosphere preserve which has been listed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. The mountainous virgin could forest is an eco-region of the Srilanka was saved from the worst of industrial logging and designated a World Biosphere Reserve.
The reserve’s name is transformed as Lion’s Kingdom. This is a treasure trove of widespread species, including vegetation, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Because of its dense flora wildlife is not as effortlessly seeing as at dry-zone national parks such as Yala. The elephants and the leopards are infrequently seen due to dense evergreen forest of this Biosphere Reserve. The Reserve is a nice spot to enjoy so many common birds such as Layard’s parakeet, Ceylon lorikeet, Ceylon wood pigeon, Jungle and Spur fowl, Grey hombill, Rufous spotted wing thrush, Brown-capped babbler, Ceylon blue magpie, Ashy-headed smiling thrush, Ceylon hill mynha, White headed starling and Legge’s flowerpecker. Having variety of native plants, animals, graceful rivers and quiet streamlets covered up almost 9800 hctrs of area, now it is an international meaning. This reserves has been designated a Man and Biosphere reserve which delegates of tropical evergreen forest Eco system in Srilanka.